Geofencing – Concept development and implementation at a regional airport
Smaller airports usually are disadvantaged concerning technical infrastructure for monitoring airport grounds. In case of reduced visibility, e.g. due to bad weather conditions, control processes at an airport without existing surface movement radar could be limited, and special procedures have to become applicable to ensure safety. To control the compliance with regulations location based services (LBS) can provide helpful methods. Geofencing is one of these powerful LBS methods that could support airports in monitoring vehicles and aircraft on ground. It deals with virtual fences (geofences) localizing certain geographical areas on which spatial rules will be applied. Objects can be located by several positioning techniques, like GPS, wireless LAN or multilateration, and the actual position of an object can be fixed inside or outside of defined areas. Geofencing is a rule-based approach, where defined spatial events trigger actions.
This master thesis presents a general logical conception of geofencing, including technological and methodological components, that is able to be adapted for variable purposes. The concept will be demonstrated and evaluated based on a case study of a regional airport.
Case study illustrations (click to enlarge)